Eastern part of Ladakh, J&K.
600 sq. kms.
May To October
is a high altitude protected area created in 1981 in the
eastern part of the cold desert of Ladakh for the conservation and
protection of its unique flora and fauna. It covers an area of 600 sq. kms
in the Markha and Rumbak valleys.
The terrain surrounding the park
is rocky and the thin soil cover supports a poor vegetative growth. Dry
alpine pastures are present in sheltered locations and the grass growth is
relatively rapid during the summer season after the snow melts from the
There are many U-shaped valleys, carved by the glacial
actions that occurred in the past. Rivers and streams have laid a thick
deposit of sand along their banks. The general elevation of the parks exact
location is over 3,000 meters.
climatic conditions vary from sub-arctic to arctic. Rainfall is low and the
bulk of the total annual precipitation is in the form of snow. In winter the
mercury drops to far below the freezing point and this tract receives very
heavy snowfall, which remains on the ground for several months at a stretch.
Summers are short and mild, while there is no marked rainy season.
Dry forests of juniper, birch and fir are
found in the region. Also present are the alpine grasslands and scrublands.
There are many rare and endangered animal species found in the cold desert
area that are also found in the hemis national park, known to be the
home of an interesting assemblage of cold desert fauna. Amongst these are
the snow leopard, Tibetan wild or kiang, ibex, serow and Tibetan antelope.
Amongst the avi fauna population found in the hemis national park
are the snow, snow partridge and golden oriole.
Air: Nearest airport is situated in Srinagar.
By Rail: The
nearest railway station is Jammu-Tawi.
By Road: Leh is well
connected with all the major cities within the state and there are buses,
which ply from Leh towards the hemis national park.
in at any of the hotels or tourist lodges or guesthouses available at Leh.