64 km from Junagadh and 32 km from Verawal
Coverage Area :
1,412.14 sq. km./ Lion sanctuary 141,213 hectares
which national park 35,948 hectares).
is the only home in India of the Lion of which there are nearly
300 in the park. The Gir
lies in the Gujarat
peninsula in SW India.
The terrain is rugged with low hills and the vegetation is mixed deciduous,
with stands of Teak, Acacia, Jamun, Tendu and Dhak trees, interespersed with
large patches of grasslands. On the hills of the trees are sparse and
stunted. Within the sanctuary, there are numerous human settlements of
cattle herders called Maldharis with an estimated 20,000 head of livestock
(which, incidentally, forms a significant part of the Lions diet).
There are also places of Hindu worship and pilgrimage and sulphur springs at
Tulsi Shyam and Kankai Mata. At the edge of the park there are good
populations of Indian Gazelle, protected by the religious sentiment of the
local people. The Kamleshwar Lake has some Marsh Crocodile. Birds in the
park include the Paradise Flycatcher, Bonellis Eagle and Painted
Sandgrouse. Three unusual reserves, the Nalsarover Lake and Sanctuary, where
large numbers of water-birds can be seen; the bare saline flats of the Rann
of Kutch, incredibly the home of the Indian wild ass and the spectacular
Flamingo island where nesting colonies of flamingoes are to be seen, make
an exciting place for wildlife
The state of Gujarat has some splendid wildlife
reserves that are quite out of the ordinary. The Gir National Park
is the only home in India of the Asiatic Lion of which there are nearly 300
in the park. This sanctuary lies in the Gujarat peninsula
West India and is gifted with a terrain that is rugged with low hills and
the vegetation is full of mixed deciduous, with stands of Teak, Acacia,
Jamun, Tendu and Dhak trees, interspersed with large patches of grasslands.
On the hills of the trees are sparse and stunted. Climate:
the three common seasons of summer, winter and monsoon, summer takes the
longest stretch, in which the average minimum and maximum temperature ranges
between 10ºC to nearly 45ºC. The hottest months recorded in Gir
are April and May. The rains bring some relief from the heat during the
monsoons period of, starting from middle of June and September. The maximum
recorded during this period in the area is around 1,866 mm and the minimum
recorded being 199mm.
Because of less rainfall water always
remains a critical factor in the well being of the forest. At times the
waterholes are required to be replenished through water tankers from outside
and the park staff maintains around 350 of such waterholes. The
Lion King :Gir Sanctuary
is the last and only home
of the critically endangered Asiatic Lion. These lions are a smaller more
compact version of their African version, and are best viewed at dawn or
dusk when they are on the move. The major difference between the two is that
the African Lion appears larger than the Indian Lion because of its large
and luxuriant mane. Extension Of The
In The past Gir had a much bigger coverage area.
After Indian government placed a total ban on killing of Lions in 1955,
within the time span of three years the area estimation came around
2,560-sq-km and the Lion population was estimated at 287. Since then, the
forest area very quickly got reduced in area to 1,452-sq-km. In 1965, the
Gujarat government declared Gir forest
as a sanctuary and in 1975;
part of the sanctuary was declared as a National Park. And with the success
of the protection program there is an incredible increase in the Lion
population too, from 177 in 1974 to around 300 in 1995.
territories of this territorial predator outside Gir national park in
include Nagwa Beach in Diu, Sutrapada, Palitana, Mahuva,
Savarkundla, Mitiyala, Keshod, Maliya Hatina, and Girnar.